Seeking to Creatively Document Life’s Passing Moments, One Shot at a Time
Last week was one of the darkest in my life. And this is how an eventful and bright day suddenly went dark.
I was meant to travel to Gulu town, located about 400km north of Kampala, Uganda’s capital on Thursday morning to volunteer for a robotic training organized by my friends Solomon King and Sandra Washburn.
That morning, Taxi operators went on strike, protesting the increased operation fees. Transport in Kampala City was a mess. The over 5 million inhabitants of this city who primarily use public transport were held hostage. I was part of the statistic that day.
Sporadic riots were happening all over down town Kampala. Teargas was being fired from one side of town, bullets went off in the other. I was caught in between. For that reason, I didn’t travel. No one did.
I decided to take advantage of the situation and photographed a few exchanges between the protestors and the Uganda Police. It wasn’t for long. Because of the heavy luggage I had, I decided to jump on a motorbike, commonly known as Boda Boda and headed back home.
Later in the evening, I was back with my backpacks at Kisenyi Bus Terminal hoping to catch the second last bus to Gulu which departs at 7pm daily.
After being booked in a Homeland Bus seat 58, I squeezed myself into the back of the bus in preparation for my 6 hour night travel. Since a large number of people had not travelled whole day, the bus’ isle was chaotic with passengers, hawkers, touts, bus managers and ‘thieves’.
I was carrying three backpacks with a heavy tripod. The bags were as close to my heart as my life. There was some kind of mini stampede in the bus. My feet, was stamped on, my shoulders were knocked from one side to the other, but my camera bag was safe. At least for that while.
58 was an isle seat. My two backpacks were on my lap while the other was beside me. To allow the other two travelling passengers take their seats, I temporarily put my backpacks in the overhead baggage space.
In less than 10 seconds, before I could get back to my seat, I realize something was missing in the overhead luggage space. The most important backpack together with one other backpack was missing! Looking down the isle, my tripod too went missing. I climbed on bodies in a rush to check outside the bus, but it was too late. My life’s savings were all gone.
Distraught and confused, I disembarked the bus, sat on the dusty floor thinking about nothing in particular. Sorry was what the bus owners could offer. On the other hand close to Ushs. 40 million (USD 18.000) was stolen. And all they could say was sorry?
Canon 1D Mark IV, Canon 5D Mark II, Canon 16-35mm f2.8, Canon 24-70mm f2.8, Canon 70-200mm f2.8, MacBook Pro 15 Inch were among the causalities.
My livelihood and profession is dependent on taking pictures. It’s my hobby, my passion, my bread, my hope for today and tomorrow. Waking up the next day knowing I didn’t have what defined who I am, who I have become was a hard feeling to hide.When
Getting these cameras to Africa is a hustle. Affording them is even much more than a hustle. I saved every last penny over the past four years to invest in what I heartfully believe in. And for all this effort to be crushed in under a minute is mean. Out rightly unfair.
Thanks to friends who have encouraged me to move on. Friends who have constantly reminded me that my most important tool is safe in my eyes. They have gone on to create an account on Indiegogo Online Fundraising Platform “African Stories through Photography” to source some funds to help me top up on my next gear. In Uganda, another set of friends have created a facebook page “Echwalu Photography Fundraisers” to source for more funds locally. The response from both has been amazingly high. Thank you.
For now, I remain unemployed.
President Yoweri Museveni gives hundreds of speeches every year. The State Of the Nation Speech however stands out to be the most keenly watched.
Why? The president through that speech goes on and on and on about the achievements of his government over the past year, the challenges, areas to address, etcetera, etcetera.
It’s also a harvest time for media to independently review the president’s performance over the past year. From the economy, to the health sector, education, security, among others.
Yesterday, the President was at the same platform again talking about the year before and the year ahead.
“Of course not all the things I talked about last year have been fulfilled because many of them take time, and in any case, the resource are limited,” President Museveni, said yesterday during his speech.
Let me not dwell much on the speech and more on my area of specialization-Photojournalism.
I am more interested on how the different media houses in Uganda reflected the president’s speech through their most important image of the day-The front page picture.
The papers headline is “Museveni Lists 10 barriers to economic growth”
In any picture, the President was always going to be the central subject. Daily Monitor chose to use a picture of President Museveni inspecting the guard of honour.
The composition was fairly good. The perspective was a bit good especially with policemen lined up on either side of the picture boundaries. The president’s face was gloomy, to some extent, a good reflection of the headline.
How many times have you seen the president inspecting a guard of honour? Like seriously, how many times? And how many more times. And look, the president was walking on one leg. The other for some reason was cut.
Unless it’s an absolutely unique moment, an ordinary picture of the president inspecting a guard of honour should never find its way to the front page.
“Museveni Reports on 2012 Achievements”
A smiley president on the podium giving the actual speech. Perfect choice of picture. An achievement is a reflection of joy, laughter’s and enjoyment. The ambience is always calm and welcoming. This picture has it.
The New Vision In my opinion got just the right picture to go with the headline. It’s a positive headline, blended with a positively well-exposed looking president.
When you take away the headline, its just another boring smiley picture of the president. The composition is boring- positioning the president right in the middle of the frame. We’ve seen hundreds of this kind and this particular one does not stand out an inch different from the rest. In Photography, The rule of thirds is one of the most useful composition techniques. Used here, the picture would have looked somewhat fresh and different.
“M7 Gives The Most Important Speech Of The Year Before His Ministers But; THEY SLEPT AGAIN”
One of the biggest stories over the last 10 years in Uganda was by Red Pepper in 2009.
John Batanudde, Red Peppers’ photojournalist of the day shot close-ups of the Ministers sleeping as the president delivered what is regarded as one of the most important speeches of the year. The headline I remember read; “State Of the Nation” accompanied by a full page of mugshots of sleeping ministers.
It was fresh. It was shocking. It was unique. It was everything, a newspaper wished to have had on their front pages.
It caused a lot of uproar. There was even suggestion by Members of Parliament that media be booted out of the plenary section of parliament after Red Peppers’ colorful front page.
Fast-forward, 2013, the Paper attempted to bring back memories of that day in today’s copy. Big disappointment. It does not come close to even a quarter of the original idea.
No wonder “THEY SLEPT AGAIN” was way much bigger than the three pictures used combined.
“Museveni: Student Loans Coming”
The Papers choice was a picture of the president inspecting a guard of honour. The picture is not in anyway a reflection of promise.
Cutting some bit of the Presidents hut further killed the image. Unless it’s a close up shot, it’s never a good practice to slice off people’s bodies, especially the edges.
My verdict; One of those pictures you would run alongside a pictorial in the inside pages. It’s not a picture worth a front page and certainly not a picture that would sell copies.
On to 2014, these same pictures will find their way back to our front pages. Maybe the coming 12 months should help photo editors plan in advance what pictures exactly would genuinely reflect the state of the nation.
The president does not reflect the station of the nation. If he does, then not certainly at The Serena Hotel.
The condition of traders, health workers, farmers, drivers, midwives, in my opinion, paints a better picture when talking about the state of the nation. Food for Thought maybe.
Harriet Anena, a deputy Chief sub-editor at The Daily Monitor was in her own world of pressure from the looming masters exams when the news came through.
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION: A lone female journalist with The Independent Magazine -Uganda defiantly stands right in-front of a sea of Policemen, demanding The Daily Monitor, Kfm, Dember fm and Red Pepper to be opened. The publications were closed for running a letter that was written to the Director of Internal Security Organization (ISO), asking for an inquiry into alleged assassination plot of those opposed to a purported “Muhoozi Project”. Brig. Muhoozi Kainerugaba is the son to President Yoweri Museveni. It’s been rumored that Museveni, who has been president of Uganda for the last 27 years is grooming Muhoozi to take over from him, thus, the “Muhoozi Project”-
Anena, realized instantly that something had gone wrong. Really wrong. After making a call or two, she confirmed beyond doubt that security operatives had besieged her work place.
-A police officer guards the entrance to The Daily Monitor newspaper that was declared a crime scene. while searching for a letter purportedly written by Gen. David Sejusa, published by the newspaper.The letter was written to the Director of Internal Security Organization, asking for an inquiry into alleged assassination plot of those opposed to a purported “Muhoozi Project”-
Calm, shy, astute, hardworking with an inseparable love for writing is what best describes Anena.
Replying to her friend on reading the message, she simply wrote; “ Oh mehn, we’ll b gd, keep strong…”
-Police officers are seen enjoying the balcony of The Daily Monitor premises in Namuwongo that was stormed and closed off as a crime scene while searching for a letter purportedly written by Gen. David Sejusa, published by the newspaper.The letter was written to the Director of Internal Security Organization, asking for an inquiry into alleged assassination plot of those opposed to a purported “Muhoozi Project”-
The Police had stormed The Daily Monitor premises to search for a letter purportedly written by Gen. David Sejusa that was published in the paper.
The letter was written to the Director of Internal Security Organization, asking for an inquiry into alleged assassination plot of those opposed to a purported “Muhoozi Project”.
-Human Rights bodies joined the fight for freedom of expression by carrying a “dead pen” in a “coffin”. In their message, they called on government to spare the whistle blower and instead deal with the “real criminals”.Eventually, Police broke their protest and arrested about five of them-
Brig. Muhoozi Kainerugaba is the son to President Yoweri Museveni. Its been rumored that President Museveni who has been president of Uganda for the last 27 years is grooming Muhoozi to take over from him, thus, the “Muhoozi Project”.
-Kampala Metropolitan Police commander, Andrew Felix Kaweesi addresses journalists who were protesting the continued occupancy of The Daily Monitor and Red Pepper-
….And when diplomacy failed, the journalists were sprayed with teargas, followed by some brutal arrests !-
Gen. Sejusa has since failed to return to Uganda fearing for his life and has reportedly been asking the British Government for protection while in the UK where he had gone to when the letter was published.
-Ronald Muhinda, a journalist with Uganda’s Radio One fm is forcefully thrown out of the cordoned area during the “Occupy The Daily Monitor and Red Pepper” protest. He lost his belt in the scuffle, registering minor injuries along the way-
The news hit Anena unexpectedly hard, like hundreds other journalists and staff at The Daily Monitor. Confounded with exams to write, she passed close to the premises that very evening of May 20 on her way to university to confirm what was already an operation gone deep.
-A defiant journalist with The Independent Magazine takes a picture of a police who was ordering her to vacate the area. The two Policemen standing behind her eventually managed to rough her off the cordoned area-
After sitting her exams, her last word for the day when The Daily Monitor was closed before calling it a day was one of irritation, but with a mixture of hope too.
“We shall keep watching until the dog chokes on its puke. #WatchDog,” she said.
-A week after The Daily Monitor, The Red Pepper, Kfm and Dembe fm remained, journalists took to the streets to demand that the media houses be re-opened. Their peaceful protests were met with full force of the Uganda Police. Here, journalists wash their faces after Police fired teargas was fired at them in one of the protests they called “Occupy The Daily Monitor and Red Pepper”-
The following days were going full of confusion and uncertainty as to when the government would finish their search and leave the premises.
While ongoing negotiations between government and the proprietors of Nation Media Group (NMG) where Daily Monitor is a subsidiary went behind the walls, journalists organized daily protests outside the Monitor premises to protest the continued occupancy of the Daily Monitor and Red Pepper.
……..And the cheers became louder and louder as reporters returned to their working station-
Many of them were teargased and beaten for peacefully protesting, others, were brutality arrested and detained for prolonged hours before let free after recording statements.
-Documents are seen scattered on the floor of The Daily Monitor’s newsroom. The chairs too were thrown in all directions as the search for the letter Gen. David Sejusa purportedly wrote and was subsequently published by Daily Monitor ended-
Amidst these all these challenges, The Daily Monitor had (has) to contend with an ongoing case where the newspaper took the matter to the Civil Division of the High Court to hear an appeal to have a lower court decision that The Daily Monitor hand over documents in the Gen. David Sejusa story to police reversed.
-Rachel Mabala, a photojournalist shares a light moment with a colleague while filing pictures for the newspaper’s re-opening, 12 days after it was stormed and closed by government-
Anena meanwhile finished her exams in the mix of things and is more than excited when the minister of internal affairs, Hilary Onek announced;
“The police have called off the cordon of the Monitor premises so that they can resume their normal business as police continue with the search,”
-The Daily Monitor staff is seen gathered in silence while watching news on NTV Uganda about the publications re-opening at their offices in Namuwongo, a suburb of Kampala, Uganda’s capital-
After close to two weeks, Anena had this to say on her Facebook wall;
-The Daily Monitor wasn’t the only casualty when Security Operatives stormed and cordoned off the premises as a crime area, 93.3 Kfm, a subsidiary of Nation Media Group was also closed. Staff of Kfm back in studio for the first time in 11 days begin preparations to resume normal programing-
-The Daily Monitor wasn’t the only casualty when Security Operatives stormed and cordoned off the premises as a crime area, 93.3 Kfm, a subsidiary of Nation Media Group was also closed.Above is Sean Oseku, producer of one of Uganda’s most listened to political radio talk-shows; “The Hot Seat”. He was back in the studio for first time since the station was switched off air on May 20-
-Photojournalist, Isaac Kasamani too the time to relax to the fullest as he often did even before the The Daily Monitor Publication was closed. Here, he was going through the re-opening images at the newsroom-
-Even after The Daily Monitor was opened, the Managing Editor, Don Wanyama was often seen isolated making calls, texting and organizing his team of reporters to ensure the newspaper gets back to the streets 12 days after it was closed-
-This is what was left of the News Editor-Weekends’ desk!-
I spent a great deal of time in rural Tanzania and Uganda last month (April), documenting the works of We Effect, a Swedish NGO that seeks to empower the average rural farmer.
Formerly known as Swedish Cooperation Centre, We Effect has been promoting rural development focusing on sustainable agriculture, food security and local business development since 1958.
And by setting up micro companies, We Effect believes farmers can invest in their own farming operations.
Crucial in the organisation’s focus areas is the effect of Climate change, which is already too visible in Eastern Africa. A case in point is Somalia that has been baring the brunt of drought and famine, which has killed just under 300.000 people.
COPYRIGHT of all the images used in this blog post belongs to- We Effect.
I spent my weekend in a village in Buyende district, located east of Kampala, Uganda’s capital.
I was on assignment to shoot the launch of Kagulu Hill tourism site. Basically, it’s a village full of rocks. Rocks where traditional healers get their powers to perform healing rituals to their clients.
According to Busoga Expo, Kagulu Hill is a mystical wonder, which marks the first settlement area for Basoga of Bunyoro origin led by Prince Mukama. Although the cultural value of Kagulu extends to cover a wide area, the remaining and visible landmark is the Kagulu hill. The hill sits in between two roads that divide at the foothill to lead to Gwaya and Iyingo.
It is also among a handful of hills in Uganda that have been adapted for tourist climbing, with constructed steps all the way to the top. At the top is a spectacular 360 view with an expanse of green vegetation and Lake Kyoga.
I made it to the top in record time for any photographer. Take note. I made countless long stops to catch a breath and shoot those ascending and descending the hill.
Local climbers take the final walk to the summit. The hard part, which is steep and slippery, has been overcome.
Local climbers take the final walk to the summit. The hard part, which is steep and slippery, has been overcome.
A friend who had climbed the hill before gave me this message before I started the climb. “Until I see a picture of you at the very top, next to the little building, I will conclude it as mission unaccomplished.” Well, I’ve nothing more to say.
There are those who could not let the sweat to the summit roll down for free as they resorted to using chalk and stones to put remembrance notes
A view from the top of Kigulu hill of people heading back to their homesteads. Beyond the hill, which I assume many of them have gotten enough of, President Yoweri Museveni who was the chief guest must have been the reason for these numbers. It takes a lifetime for some of these villagers to lay their eyes on the country’s number one citizen.
Descending the Kagulu Hill and appreciating the effort put in thus far. A local stares back at the hill top on his way down
And after safely reaching the foot of the Kagulu Hill, it was my turn to look back at the hill with one last departing shot. A lot of calories burnt but it was worth the adventure.
By now, some of you might have come across the video already or watched it in the comfort of your living room.
The advertisement gears towards inspiring and celebrating individuals who spread happiness on the continent by performing random acts of kindness in the daily lives of people.
“The idea of being kind and that kindness giving you happiness is something that transcends the boarders; so here in Africa because we believe that we are innately kind we are saying through this campaign that if the world thinks being kind is crazy, then Africa is the craziest continent,” said Rosalind Gichuru, The Coca-Cola Central East and West Africa Strategic Manager during the launch.
The campaign was derived from research done by BMC Innovation Company that revealed that, making other people happy is the key to own happiness and for the world to be a happier place, people need to be kinder.
My involvement comes from a blog post I did; “Extreme Poverty but Irreplaceable Smile.” With a group of friends, we set out for Kisenyi Slum in the capital, Kampala to take, print and return photos for free. It’s a practice I had always done sub-consciously.
I offer this service selectively though. I do this for people who can barely afford a meal. For people who have never owned a picture in their lives and for people who are extremely poor, yet so happy and they don’t even know.
As Edward, I am incapable of feeding hundreds and thousands of Africa’s poor.
No, I am unable to.
Through my photographs, am always looking towards encouraging them, spreading positive energy around them and encouraging them to discover and appreciate who they really are in those photos.
The Coca-Cola TV commercial also features Douglas Rori from Kenya, Corporal Sebul Audu from Nigeria, Edward Echwalu from Uganda and Belachew Birma (World Laughter Champion) from Ethiopia.
ALL IMAGES USED HERE ARE FULL COPYRIGHT OF COCA COLA INC. YOU MAY NOT USE THEM WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM COCA COLA
The expectations you carry as a professional photographer are immense.
On top of delivering on your personal projects, assignments and commissions, a string of colleagues, budding photographers are looking up to you for inspiration.
“how do I become a photographer; teach me how to take nice photos; which camera do you recommend I buy to take better photos etc…etc “
I’ve physically met many. Some really genuine ones and others who honestly don’t know what they want to do in life. However it’s important to give everybody a chance to be heard.
I have thus come up with 50 tips for both professional, near professional and budding photographers, sourced from my personal experience over the years;
Share your experiences in the comments section please.
The once bleak careers of four budding female boxers has got a surprise lift now that good Samaritans have offered to fulfill their dreams.
“Morine Nakilyowa (23), is a mother of four and has won two of her five fights.”
– – –
Morine Nakilyowa (23), Lydia Nantale (17), Hellen Baleke (24) and Diana Tulyanabo (20) live an impoverished lifestyle in the Kampala slum of Katanga. Without permanent shelter or jobs, Tulyanabo is pursuing her education as a nursing student but the rest are school dropouts.
It’s on the backdrop of this upbringing that the quartet resorted to boxing a few years ago as a way of surviving the harsh conditions of crime-ridden Katanga. Over the past two years, they have featured prominently in local tournaments representing Katanga-based Rhino Boxing Club. Still, they are yet to get the deserved recognition like their male counterparts.
“Lydia Nantale (17) (Right), has won one of her two fights to date. Here, she warms up for her training in Katanga Slum”
– – –
At the 2011 East African championships, Tulyanabo won the welterweight title while Baleke triumphed in the light welterweight division. The closest they came to realising their dream was when they trained so hard for last year’s AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships in China only to be let down by government’s lack of funds. It didn’t help matters that local boxing is entangled in administration wrangles and, therefore, couldn’t mobilise support for them.
“The four girls are seen here warming up at the start of an afternoon training session”
– – –
Since then, the fighters have struggled to make an impact due to the absence of a functioning amateur boxing body as well as the limited number of credible opponents. To keep active, they seek opponents from across the border and feature on the undercards of locally-arranged professional fights. In extreme situations, they take on each other at catch-weights.
Despite the setback and dire situation, the foursome still harbours big dreams of representing Uganda at future major international events. Indeed, that could become a reality following the timely intervention of Lori Steinhorst, the president of Classic Women Warriors Boxing (CWWB) and Eddie Montalvo, vice-president CWWB.
Touched by their story, which appeared in the Canadian National Post, Steinhorst and Montalvo have offered to help the female boxers with logistical support and any other form of educational assistance to develop their skills.
“The four female boxers share two pairs of worn out boxing gloves.”
– – –
Steinhorst says they were not moved because of their gender but by the will and spirit of the young girls: “While this happens in many parts of the world, this has been our first look at how little these women have,” she says. “Yet they continue to make every effort to reach their dream as Olympic hopefuls. This is evidence to us that their poverty is circumstantial, as their spirits are rich and have no boundary.”
“Here, Hellen Baleke (24), the most experienced of the lot with 11 wins, four draws and a single loss goes through some boxing sessions with her coach in Katanga slum.”
– – –
To spice up the drive, CWWB product Mary ‘Merciless’ McGee has pledged a portion from her International Boxing Association (IBA) female light welterweight title fight against Holly Holm on May 11, 2013 to the project. “Whatever it takes, we must do something, anything, to help these women,” she says. “They deserve so much more.”
Tulyanabo and company are excited by the news and efforts of Steinhorst and Montlavo and have promised not to disappoint the efforts and sacrifices of the benefactors. “This is a once-in-a-lifetime chance that we have always longed for,” says Tulyanabo. “Like all sportsmen, we want to compare ourselves with the best in the world to realise our potential and abilities. We shall do anything within our abilities not to disappoint.”
“An invite for Rhino Boxing Club for a local tournament.”
– – –
CWWB also set up a special project dubbed Women Boxers of Kampala Project (WBKP) to raise funds and awareness of the quartet’s plight.
“We will travel to Kampala in an effort to determine exactly what these athletes need to be successful,” adds Steinhorst. “We will take with us the equipment we know they are lacking. Once we are able to determine from these women what their needs truly are, we will return with the mission to raise additional funding to meet those needs.”
“There are no professional punching bags. They cannot afford to buy one. As a result, the four girls use discarded car tires as replacement. Here, Hellen Baleke (24), the most experienced of the lot with 11 wins, four draws and a single loss punches away.”
– – –
Story by Kisakye Frank
A REFUGEE is defined as; “A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.” For this particular picture, it is to escape a war. DR Congo (DRC) is synonymous with war. It is possibly the country with the most internal conflicts in the world.
I took this photo in a transit refugee camp in a border town of Kisoro, some 500km west of Kampala, Uganda’s capital. She was one of several thousands of Congolese who were fleeing in Uganda when the ongoing conflict between the M23 rebels and the DR Congo government intensified in the eastern part of the DRC. Over 800,000 have since fled their homes since the rebellion started.
It’s quite a distance between her hometown and Kisoro, as such; I would imagine she would have preferred to carry her entire house with her but one head and two hands could not. I can see with her is money pass hanging around her neck, her baby’s basin and possibly clothes, saucepans and a few other necessities on her head.
She’s faced with two rather “dark” destinations and ordinarily couldn’t pick either if she had a choice. One is the war back at home, which she chose to run away from and then other, Nyakabande Refugee camp, a very crowded camp which The Independent News Magazine (Uganda) right sums; (Nyakabande )
“Plagued with poor sanitation and rampant illness. Malaria is taking its toll, especially on children, and women are forced to give birth without proper aids. The first aid clinic in the camp is constantly without drugs due to the swelling numbers.”
Amidst these challenges, she wears a very strong candid face. One that has accepted the challenging environments she’s surrounded with. An environment of a homeless woman.
Fish as a meal might soon be a luxury for an ordinary Ugandan if the fish stocks on most water bodies across the country continue to dwindle.
“A worker feeds the fish at the pilot project site in Jinja, located 80km east of Kampala, Uganda’s capital. There are approximately 50 cages containing in excess of 400,000 fishes”
And it’s not just the populace; over 50% of fish processing factories along the shores of Lake Victoria have already been closed to protect the scattered remaining fish on the lake. Those in operation are operating below capacity.
“Fishing has always been on the increase leading to the disappearance of some fish species, which has been worsened by the Nile perch feeding on many of these species. As a result, fish processing factories are operating below installed capacity,” Said Dr John S. Balirwa, Director of Research, National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI).
“The pilot program is a joint agreement between the Ugandan and the Chinese government. Here, a Chinese cage expert feeds the fish at the pilot site in Jinja, 80km east of Uganda’s capital, Kampala”
There is a lot of pressure being exerted on the 20% of surface water (lakes, rivers, swamps, damns) in Uganda, a country with a 256.000 square miles size of land, which has negatively impacted the different fish species. Uganda has a total of 500 different fish species. Of these, the Nile Perch has turned out to be the most commercially viable fish.
“Floating cages where fish is confined”
“Fishing intensity has over time increased because more ore people are eating fish than before. Through more than 50 years, fishing intensity increased with the introduction of Nile Perch on Lake Albert and Lake Victoria; it exploded to become a commercial product of interest where fish processing factories started,” according to Dr John S. Balirwa.
It was followed by a period of boom, where more factories were set up to absorb the high numbers of fish, local fishermen caught fish unselectively using wrong nets and the desire to satisfy foreign markets also increased.
“Some of the caged fish jump around during feeding time. It takes about 45 days to harvest these fish in the cages.”
Dr. Balirwa also attributes the declining number of fish on Uganda’s major water bodies to the increased population, from 20 million people in the 1970’s to approximately 35 million today.
INTRODUCTION OF CAGECULTURE
As the demand for fish both for exports and local consumption continues to rise, starring a need to bridge the gap, innovative ways such as cage culture have been introduced on Lake Victoria, in Jinja through a pilot partnership between the Ugandan government and her Chinese counterpart to boost the shrinking number of fish.
“Some of the biggest challenges faced by NaFIRRI is birds such as these that prey on the small fishes. Keeping them away from the project site has turned out to be a full time job”
“Use of illegal fishing nets has been among the major factor in the dwindling number of fish on major water bodies in Uganda. These nets capture immature fishes”
Every cage, which is usually two and a half meters deep, should be placed at least five meters above a body of good water quality. Polluted water suffocates the breeding process of the cage fish, a reason, not all water bodies in the country qualify for this kind of invention.
“In the background is one of the factories located at the shores of Lake Victoria. Most of these are now operating below capacity due to the decreased number of fish”
Cages are stocked with so many tiny fish, after a period of 40 to 45 days; they are graded before being separated for harvest. Each of the 50 cages in the Jinja pilot cage project accommodates approximately 8000 small fishes.
“Fishermen are seen fishing on Lake Victoria. They have been largely blamed for indiscriminate methods of fishing, leading to reduced number of fish on the Lake”
Dr Balirwa further notes that, with recovery of cages, Nile perch is responding positively and it has stabilized at a certain level, which in total quantity stands at about 300.000 tones, but mostly young fishes.
“NO MORE EXPORTS: This railway line leading to the dock used to be a busy port where fish used to be exported to both, the local and the international market.It no longer functions”
Other forms of aquaculture, such as fishponds currently harvest a combined 90.000 metric tones annually. Presently, the total annual fish production in Uganda stands at 450.000 metric tons.
NaFIRRI hopes that local investors who can use simple materials such as bamboo and nets, easily accessible in the local market, take up this technology.
“A fisherman is seeing pulling his “catch” on Lake Victoria. They have been largely blamed for indiscriminate methods of fishing, leading to reduced number of fish on the Lake”
“We are looking at encouraging Ugandans, local investors, and the local fishermen/communities to join in as an alternative where by if they can pick a leaf from this technology and they practice it somewhere, they can also reduce on the pressure where many fishermen are getting into the lake,” Barry Kamisa, a staffer for NaFIRRI Concludes.
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